Showing posts with label Psidium guineense. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Psidium guineense. Show all posts

Sunday, October 12, 2014

Psidium guineense




Psidium guineense Swartz
Family: Myrtaceae

Synonyms: Campomanesia multiflora (Cambess.) O.Berg , Campomanesia tomentosa Kunth , Eugenia hauthalii (Kuntze) K.Schum. , Eugenia hauthalii (Kuntze) K. Sch. , Guajava albida (Cambess.) Kuntze , Guajava benthamiana (O.Berg) Kuntze , Guajava costa-ricensis (O.Berg) Kuntze , Guajava guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze , Guajava laurifolia (O.Berg) Kuntze , Guajava mollis (Bertol.) Kuntze , Guajava multiflora (Cambess.) Kuntze , Guajava ooidea (O.Berg) Kuntze , Guajava polycarpa (Lamb.) Kuntze , Guajava schiedeana (O.Berg) Kuntze , Guajava ypanemense (O. Berg) Kuntze , Guajava ypanemensis (O.Berg) Kuntze , Mosiera guineensis (Sw.) Bisse , Myrtus guineensis (Sw.) Kuntze , Myrtus hauthalii Kuntze , Psidium albidum Cambess. , Psidium araca Raddi , Psidium araca var. sampaionis Herter , Psidium benthamianum O.Berg , Psidium campicolum Barb.Rodr. , Psidium chrysobalanoides Standl. , Psidium costa-ricense O.Berg , Psidium dichotomum Weinm. , Psidium jollyanum A.Chev. , Psidium laurifolium O.Berg , Psidium lehmannii Diels , Psidium minus Mart. ex DC. [Invalid] , Psidium molle Bertol. , Psidium molle var. gracile O.Berg , Psidium molle var. robustum O.Berg , Psidium monticola O.Berg , Psidium monticola var. gracile O.Berg , Psidium monticola var. robustum O.Berg , Psidium multiflorum Cambess. , Psidium ooideum O.Berg , Psidium ooideum var. grandifolium O.Berg , Psidium ooideum var. intermedium O.Berg , Psidium ooideum var. longipedunculatum Rusby , Psidium ooideum var. parvifolium O.Berg , Psidium polycarpon Lamb. , Psidium popenoei Standl. , Psidium rotundifolium Standl. , Psidium rufinervum Barb.Rodr. , Psidium schiedeanum O.Berg , Psidium schippii Standl. , Psidium sericiflorum Benth. , Psidium ypanemense O.Berg,

Chinese name: 蒙自草胡椒
English Names :  Brazilian Guava, Castilian Guava, Guinea Guava, Güisara  Guava,  Guisaro  Sour  Guava,  Wild Guava

Description: Shrubs to small trees, branchlets terete, pubescent. Leaves subopposite or opposite, subcoriaceous, 8-10 cm, broadly elliptic-oblong, pellucid dotted, entire, pubescent beneath; lateral nerves 8-10 pairs, looping; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers slightly fragrant. Calyx tube adnate to the ovary, imperfectly 5- lobed, green, pubescent without. Petals 5, caducous, white, spathulate, 1.5 x 1 cm. Stamens c. 200, white; filaments 1-1.2 cm long; anthers oblong, 0.1- 0.5 cm long, introrse, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary many- celled, ovules many in each locule; style 1.3 cm long, white, stigma capitate. Berry globose, 2-3 cm diameter, pubescent, yellow when ripe; seeds many, embedded in the creamy-yellow flesh.
Published articles of Psidium guineense Swartz.

Hot aqueous extract of  P. guineense  fruit perciarp  had  in-vitro  inhibitory  activity  against  Staphylococcus  aureus,  Escherichia  coli   and  Aspergillus  niger. Ethanol  extracts  from  the  peel  and  pulp  of   P. guineense  and its various factions exhibited antibacterial  activity  against   Streptococcus  mutans  strains. The antimicrobial activity of the  P. guineense  species may be  attributed  to  secondary  metabolites,  taninns, fl avonoids, terpenes and aldehydes present in the fruit.   Psidium  guineense   is  used  in  treating  diarrhoeas  in  Argentinean  traditional  medicine.  In  the  interior  of Brazil,  a  decoction  of  the  bark  or  roots  is employed  to  treat  urinary  diseases,  diarrhoea and dysentery and is considered to be diuretic.  In  Costa  Rica,  the  decoction  is  said  to  reduce varicose  veins  and  ulcers  on  the  legs.  A  leaf decoction  is  taken  to  relieve  colds  and bronchitis. [  Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants - Vol-3]

Fresh leaf essential oil: antiinflammatory and antibacterial activity. Fruit: free radical scavenging effect. Leaf essential oil. (Z)-nerolidol,
caryophyllene, β-selinene [ Medicinal flora of Argentina ]

USES:  Bark:  Bark  is  boiled,  and  the  water  drunk  as  an  anti-diarrheal  by  the  Guyana  Patamona. Leaf: Leaves are boiled, and the water drunk as a treatment for coughing or as an anti-diarrheal, by the Guyana Patamona. Fruit: Juice of the young fruit is squeezed and used as an anti-dysenteric or for “bad-belly”, by the Guyana Patamona. [Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) ]

27 Published articles of Psidium guineense
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