Showing posts with label Nasturtium officinale. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nasturtium officinale. Show all posts

Sunday, November 11, 2012

Nasturtium officinale Watercress Chhuch Jal-indushoor Piriyaa-Haalim




Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton
Synonym: Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum. (L.)Hayek. Sisymbrium nasturtium-aquaticum.
Family: Brassicaceae

Common Name: Watercress, green watercress, town cress, water cushie, water crishes
Afrikaans: waterkers, bronkors, bronkos;
Arabic: karsun mehi;
Basque: berro;
Belarusan: kustoun lenavy;
Bengali: halim;
Breton: beler;
Bulgarian: Voden, Kreson;
Carolinian: Kkangkkung;
Catalan-Valencian-Balear: Morritort D’Aygua;
Cherokee: Ajila;
Chinese, Mandarin: Dou Ban Cai, Shui Han Ts’Ai;
Chinese, Wú: Dou, Ban Cai;Yue: Xi Yang Cai, Dou Ban Cai, Liang Cai, Shui Tian Jie; Creole, Haitian
French: Kréson;
Crioulo, Cape Verde: Garião-Vulgar, Agrião-De-Água;
Czech: Potočnice, Lékařská, Řeřišnice Potoční;
Danish: Brøndkarse;
Dutch: Waterkers;
Estonian: Ürt-Allikkerss, Kress, Mungalill;
Farsi, Western: Shahe Abic, Tare Tezak;
Filipino: Watercress;
Finnish: Isovesikrassi;
French: Cresson de fontaine (m), cresson (aquatique), cresson d'eau, cresson officinal, cresson au poulet, cresson de misseau, nasilord, nasturce officinal, santé du corps.
Gaelic, Irish: Biolar;
Gaelic, Manx: Burley;
Galician: Agrión, Cardama, Mestranzo, Mestruzo;
German: Brunnenkresse, Echte Brunnenkresse;
Greek: Nastourion, Enydrakardamon;
Hebrew: Gargir Ha-Neh̤Alim, Gargir Hanechalin;
Hindi: Peni Sag; Chhuch, Jal-indushoor
Punjabi: Piriyaa-Haalim,
Marathi: MaharashtraLatputiyaa
Hmong Daw: Zaub Dej;
Hungarian: Vizitorma, Vizizsázsa;
Ibaloi: Tapsoy;
Icelandic: Vatnakarsi;
Ifugao: Pakhoy, Pakhuy;
Indonesian: Selada Air, Seladi Air, Salada Air, Seladah, Kenci;
Italian: Nasturzio Acquatico, Nasturzio, Crescione D’Acqua;
Japanese: Kuresson, Oranda-Garashi;
Javanese: Cenil, Kenci, Jembrak, Gejembak;
Kashmiri: Nāga-Babürü;
Khmer, Central: Krèh-Sông;
Krio: Watakrɛs;
Kwéyòl: Kweson, Kouson;
Lao: Kaad Fàlangx;
Lithuanian: Paprastasis Rėžiukas;
Luxenbourgeois: Burekascht;
Macedonian: Obična Potočarka;
Maithili: Kumbhī;
Malagasy: Anandrana;
Malay: Semanggi, Selada Air;
Maltese: Ilkrixxuni;
Maori: Koowhitiwhiti, Waata-Kirihi;
Micmac: Tāpesāoomakāwāāl;
Morisyen: Bred Kresson;
Nepali: Sim Saag; सिम रायो Sim rayo
Norwegian: Brønnkarse;
Paiute, Southern: Pawmuhmp´;
Panjabi, Eastern: Piriya Halim;
Polish: Rukiew Siewna, Rukiew Wodna;
Portuguese: Agrião, Agrião De Água, Agrião Do Rio;
Quechua, Cusco: Chijchi, Occoruro;
Romanian: Măcris De Baltă;
Russian: Kress Vodjanoi, Zherouha Vodnaja, Zherouha Aptechnaja;
Samoan: Kapisi Vai;
Scots: Girse;
Serbo-Croatian: Grabak, Potočarka, Perestolisna;
Slovak: Potočnica;
Sorbian, Upper: Ropucha, Žerchej;
Spanish: Berro, Berro De Agua, Mastuerzo Acuático;
Sunda: Salada, Cai;
Swahili: Saladi;
Swedish: Vattenkrasse;
Tok Pisin: Wara Karis;
Turkish: Su Teresi;
Turkmen: Dermanlyk Kenarot;
Urdu: Nilofar;
Vietnamese: C[Ar]I Soong;
Vlaams: Waterkers;
Welsh: Berwr Dwr;
Zulu: Ukhwaningenila

Uses: The fresh leaf is traditionally eaten raw or juiced and administered orally for anemia, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, upper respiratory tract infection, bronchitis and tuberculosis. Contraindications: Pregnancy, children under 4 y, stomach or intestinal ulcers, inflammatory renal disease. [Dominican Medicinal Plants: A Guide For Health Care Providers]

Folk medicinal uses for watercress include treatment of anemia, boils, liver disorders, tumors, and warts, (Simon et al. 1984), as well as asthma, baldness, bronchitis, eczema, flu, goiter, hepatitis, impotence, polyps, scabies, scurvy, and tuberculosis (Duke 1992a). Costanoan Indians used watercress tea to treat fevers and kidney and liver complaints (Moerman 1986). In Chinese medicine, watercress is used to treat dry cough and phlegm in the throat (Duke 1992a). Watercress has been an ingredient of herbal cosmetics used for skin blemishes and freckles (Duke 1992a). [Culinary Herbs]

Acne, Adenopathy, Alopecia, Anemia, Anorexia, Anthrax, Arthrosis, Ascites, Asthenia, Asthma, Bacteria, Blemish, Boil, Bronchosis, Cancer, Cancer, breast, Cancer, esophagus, Cancer, face, Cancer, gland, Cancer, lung, Cancer, nose, Cardiopathy, Catarrh, Cold, Congestion, Cough, Cystosis, Dermatosis, Diabetes, Dropsy, Dyscrasia, Dysmenorrhea, Dyspepsia, Earache, Eczema, Exanthema, Fever, Freckle, Gingivosis, Glossosis, Goiter, Gout, Gravel, Head Cold, Hepatosis, Herpes, Infection, Inflammation, Insomnia, Ischiosis, Jaundice, Kidney Stone, Lethargy, Liver Fluke, Liver Spot, Mucososis, Nephrosis, Nervousness, Polyp, Pulmonosis, Respirosis, Rheumatism, Rhinosis, Scrofula, Scurvy, Sore, Sore Throat, Splenosis, Staphylococcus, Stomatosis, Stone, Strangury, Swelling, Toothache, Tuberculosis, Tumor, UTI, Wart, Water Retention, Wen, Worm. [Handbook of Medicinal Herbs]

Ayurvedic uses: Leaves—antiscorbutic, expectorant (used in catarrh of the respiratory organs), diuretic (used in kidney and bladder disorders), detoxifying. A lotion of leaves is applied to blotches, spots and blemishes. Fresh herb is used as a blood purifier.

In China, Nasturtium officinale R. Br. is used to soothe inflamed lungs, throat and mouth. In Indonesia, the plant is used to treat scurvy. In Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, the plant is used to treat scurvy and to promote urination. [Medicinal Plants Of The Asia-Pacific Drugs for the Future?]

104 Published articles list of Nasturtium officinale
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