Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Naringi crenulata, Mega Vilvam, Kattunarakam, beli

Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson
Family: Rutaceae
  • Irula: Okarikavela, Naringi mul
  • Malayalam: Dadhiphala, Mahavilvam, Kattunarakam, Malanarakam, Serakuttunarakam, Vilathi, Cheriyakuttunaregam, Narinarakam, Manmatham, കാട്ടുനാരകം, നരിനാരകം, ചെറിയകാട്ടുനാരകം, ചെറുകാട്ടുനാരകം എന്നെല്ലാം അറിയപ്പെടുന്ന മലനാരകം
  • Tamil: Mega Vilvam, Magavilvam
  • Hindi: बेली
Description: Trees, to 10 m, armed with sharp solitary or paired axillary spines; bark yellowish-grey, smooth, corky; blaze yellow; branchlets angled, glabrous. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 2.5-10 cm long, winged, wings obovate-oblong, glabrous, punctate; leaflets 3-7, opposite, sessile, estipellate; lamina 1-6 x 0.7-2.4 cm, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, base acute or obliquely acute, apex obtuse to emarginate, margin crenate, glabrous, profusely pellucid-gland dotted; glands dimorphic; coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white, in few flowered axillary racemes; pedicel 8-10 mm long; sepals 4, free or united at base, ovate-orbicular, glandular; petals 4, free, elliptic or oblong, white, glandular, glabrous; stamens 8, subequal, free, inserted round the disc; filaments subulate; anthers yellow, apiculate, disc thin, glandular; ovary superior, globose, 4-celled, glabrous, glandular, ovule 1 in each cell.; style stout; stigma capitate; Fruit a berry, 6-8 mm across, subglobose, bluish-black, glandular; seeds 1-4, dull yellow, smooth.
Uses: Bark decoction made into a paste and applied on boils. Roots crushed with onion, garlic and calcium made into a paste applied for rheumatism; root bark made into a paste and applied in body pain; powdered roots purgative and stomachic. Leaves soaked in buttermilk and consumed to get relief from ulcer. Bark, leaves and roots ground and made into a paste given orally to increase fertility among women. Roots, leaves and fruits purgative, sudorific, in colic, epilepsy, heart troubles. Fruit and roots anthelmintic, astringent, for diarrhea and dysentery; dried powdered fruits stimulant, tonic. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants]
20 published articles of  Naringi crenulata
1.    Qualitative and quantitative estimation of chemical constituents in Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson Sarada, K., P.Y. Nithya, and D.S. Priya, World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2016. 5(3): p. 1328-1333.
2.    Bioactive compound loaded stable silver nanoparticle synthesis from microwave irradiated aqueous extracellular leaf extracts of Naringi crenulata and its wound healing activity in experimental rat model Bhuvaneswari, T., et al., Acta Tropica, 2014. 135: p. 55-61.
3.    In vitro antifungal activity of Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicols leaf extract Samundeeswari, A. and C.V. Chittibabu, International Journal of Current Science, 2013(5): p. 82-85.
4.    In vitro evaluation of antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of Naringi crenulata Samundeeswari, A. and C.V. Chittibabu, International Journal of Current Science, 2013(9): p. 92-95.
5.    GC-MS analysis of methanolic extract of Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicols. stem Subramanian, S. and N. Ramakrishnan, Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2012. 5(2): p. 1102-1104.
6.    Pharmacognostical analysis of Naringi crenulata leaves Subramanian, S. and N. Ramakrishnan, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2012(Suppl. 2): p. S627-S631.
7.    Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts of Naringi crenulata (Roxb) Nicolson against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats Sarada, K., R.J. Margret, and V.R. Mohan, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (IJPSR), 2012. 3(3): p. 874-880.
8.    Anti-inflammatory activity of ethanol extracts of leaf and bark of Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson Sarada, K., R.J. Margret, and V.R. Mohan, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (IJPSR), 2012. 3(11): p. 4540-4544.
9.    Anticancer activity of ethanol extracts of leaf and bark of Naringi crenulata (Roxb) Nicolson against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Sarada, K., R.J. Margret, and V.R. Mohan, International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry, 2012. 2(2): p. 267-272.
10.    Pharmacognostical analysis of Naringi crenulata leaves Sampathkumar, S. and N. Ramakrishnan, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2012. 2(Suppl. 2): p. S627-S631.
11.    Sunscreen Liquid Foundation Containing Naringi Crenulata Powder Kanlayavattanakul, M. and N. Lourith, in Biomaterials and Applications, T. Tunkasiri, Editor. 2012. p. 583-586.
12.    Protective efficacy of aqueous extract of Naringi crenulata leaves against shampoo (endocrine disruptor) induced toxicity in Labeo rohita Allayie, S.A., et al., Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, 2012. 3(3): p. 130-130.
13.    Effect of plant growth regulators, e.t.a.e.p.r.p.t.c.i.i.N.c.R.N.a.i.b.i.S., Neelam, M.K. Meena, and V. Patni, African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011. 10(77): p. 17769-17777.
14.    In vitro rapid multiplication of a highly valuable medicinal plant Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson Singh, N., M.K. Meena, and V. Patni, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 2011. 5(31): p. 6752-6758.
15.    GC-MS determination of bioactive components of Naringi crenulata (Roxb) Nicolson Sarada, K., R.J. Margret, and V.R. Mohan, International Journal of ChemTech Research, 2011. 3(3): p. 1548-1555.
16.    Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Investigation of Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicols. Stem Sampathkumar, S. and N. Ramakrishnan, Ancient science of life, 2011. 31(1): p. 17-21.
17.    Chromatographic finger print analysis of Naringi crenulata by HPTLC technique Sampathkumar, S. and N. Ramakrishnan, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2011. 1(2): p. S195-S198.
18.    PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITES ON THE LEAVES OF Naringi crenulata roxb Latha, K.V., K. Arumugasamy, and K. Manonmani, Ancient science of life, 2005. 25(2): p. 53-6.
19.    Isolation and characterization of pectic polysaccharides from the fruits of Naringi crenulata Mondal, S.K., et al., Indian Journal of Chemistry Section B-Organic Chemistry Including Medicinal Chemistry, 2003. 42(2): p. 437-442.
20.    Composition, u.t.e.g.i.a.a.o.h., skin, lips and nails, and prevent/reduce irritation or inflammation of skin or lips, comprises active extract of Butea frondosa, Naringi crenulata and/or Stenoloma chusana Mahalingam, H., et al. Avon Prod Inc.

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