Monday, July 9, 2012

Carthamus tinctorius Kardi Kusumalu



,
Carthamus tinctorius Linn.
Family: Asteraceae
English: Safflower


Synonym(S) :   Carthamus glaber Burm.f., Carthamus inermis Hegi, nom. inval.
Arabic :   عصفر     'Asfur,    عُصْفُر    'Asfoor, Asfour, Asfur, Usfur.
Chinese :  大紅花   Da hong hua.
Croatian :  Bojadisarski bodalj,  Šafranika.
Czech :  Azafrán, Světlice barvířská.
Danish :   Farvetidsel, Safflor, Saflorfroe (seeds).
Dutch :  Carthamusbloem , Saffloer, Saffloer-bloem .
English :  American saffron, Bastard saffron, Dyers' saffron, False saffron,  Safflower.
Finnish :  Värisaflori.
French :  Carthame des teinturiers, Fleur de carthame, Graine de carthame, Safran bâtard.
German :  Färberdistel, Färbersaflor,  Falscher Safran ,  Saflor,  Saflorbluete  (flower), Saflorsaat  (seeds).
Greek :  Κνίκος   Knikos, σπέρμα κνήκου  (seeds).
Hindi: Kardi
Hungarian :  Magyar pirosító,  Pórsáfrány, Sáfrányos szeklice, Szaflór, Szeklice.
Italian :  Cartamo, Falso zafferano, Fiore di cartamo (flower), Seme di cartamo  (seeds).
Japanese :  ベニバナ   Beni bana, べにばな  Beni bana, 紅花   Beni bana.
Korean :  홍화    Hong hwa.
Malayalam: ചെണ്ടൂരകം
Persian :  گل رنگ     Gulrang.
Portuguese :  Açafrão-bastardo, Cártamo, Falso-açafrão, Flor de cártamo, Semente de cártamo.
Russian :   Сафлор   Saflor,  Сафлор красильный Saflor krasil'nyi.
Slovakian :  Požlt farbiarska.
Slovenian :  Barvilni rumenik, Barvilni žafran,  Žafranika.
Spanish :  Alazor,  Alazor bastardo, Azafrán bastardo, Cártamo, Cártamo alazor,  Semilla de cártamo.
Swedish :   Färgtistel,  Safflor.
Tamil :   குசும்பா  Kusumba, Chendurakam
Telugu: కుసుమ చెట్టు Kusuma chettu,  తెల్ల కుసుమలు Tella kusumalu
Turkish :  Safran yalancı, Yalancı safran.
Unani: Qurtum
Vietnamese :   Cây rum, Hồng hoa.



Vernacular names: American saffron, baharman, barre, bastard saffron, benibana, biri, centurakam, chom pu, dok kham, dyer’s saffron, esfer, fake saffron, false saffron, hong hoa, hong hua, hong-hua, honghua, huang hua, hung hua, hung-hua, Hungarian saffron, ik-kot, Indian safflower, kafi shah, kajirah, karizeh, kazirah, kanar, kasube, kasubha, kasumba, kembang pulu, kham, kham foi, kham yong, khoinbo, kouranka, kusum, kusuma, kusumba, kusumphul, lago, qurtum, rum, saff-fl ower, safflower, saflor, safran batard, safranyos szeklice, saffron, saffron thistle, Saflor, senturakam, shawrina, sufir, usfur, wild saffron, za’afran

Uses: Oil—aids prevention of arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease and kidney disorders as a polyunsaturated fat. Flowers— stimulant, sedative, diuretic, emmenagogue; used in fevers and eruptive skin conditions, measles.

Charred safflower oil is used in rheumatism and for healing sores. Key application   Dried flowers— in cardiovascular diseases, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea and retention of lochia; also in wounds and sores with pain and swelling.

Antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, contraceptive, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, laxative, sedative and stimulant. Treatment of bronchitis, boils, haemorrhoids, respiratory tract infections, ringworm and scabies

310 Published article list enclosed
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